Wednesday, February 11, 2015

Archaeology of Lachhura, Bhilwara

Village Lachhura (26 ˚ ˚ 77 53 24 '; ') District Bhilwara in Rajasthan and the headquarters of the tehsil headquarters Asind km South-West of about 55 km is located in the West. Ancient mound on the banks of the sewer, a seasonal village located half a kilometer away to the North. Locally known as Hanuman broomstick, a subsidiary of river banas River, Mansi River, is rich of. To the South and about 200 meters East-West but today only 140 X 130-meter area is response about the ancient mound-original cover an area of 250m. At present, except for a small portion in the North nearly the entire mound is under cultivation.

The depth of the dig was down 1.75 m, in the northwest part of the mound where a hard kankar yielded a thin layer of the abyss. Another trench b natural laying on the soil, sharp edge, produced a thick deposit bowls show trench was laid a further north.

Directly on the shore of a seasonal sewer trench close to the reef was laid in the Northeast. It's commercial deposits, starfighter and site to determine the thickness of the cultural sequence of Virgin soil was dug down. Fourteen layers have been identified in the trench and settlement deposits a thick and very hard banker can be traced to bed. Below is the entire deposit based on pottery and custodians, is divided into four periods.

Period I (c. 700-500 BC) 1.7 m layers (14) and (13) deposits with the clay human figurine, ear studs, skin rubbers, wheel, net sinkers, Rosary bracelet, Carnelian, terracotta and mascara wand and yielded etc with copper presence of copper, black and Red Ware Hammer Stone, Sling balls of nodule deposits indicated that of the CHALCOLITHIC period.

Human statues layers (14) and (13) are found from. The other is a relatively well formed, while the lowest layer is the statue found in crude oil. Its right hand left hand made with a little bit of a pedestal base directly while.

Black and Red pottery pot with burnished surface brightness are of fine quality. Ugly with RIM dishes are the most common type and slightly incurved sides. Pots wonderful quality and mostly thin section and with well charred. Dish with straight sides and convex or sagger basis in addition to main a few bowls of rims shape.

Gray ware thin gray ware is represented by some of the sherds. Sherds were very small, it was difficult to make out the right size. In addition, one of the few black slipped ware sherds are also present. The main red ware is found in large quantities associated pots and. Red Ware pots are unslipped variety. The main motif are bowls, vases and eyelids.

Burned and baked clay deposits of thick bamboo-print bearing and throw a few ideas about the structure of the period layer (13) reads the lump on the inner surface. Thick mud on the walls of the houses made of plaster and bamboo thatched roof were made of Bali and against with.

Layers (12) and (11) 1m thick deposits of period II (c. 500-300 BS) are categorized as. From this period the ancient animals sculpture, skin-rubbers, net-sinkers, bead, ear studs, bangles, bone point and includes the Carnelian bead. In this period two terracotta animal figurines are quite large. A breakdown of the idols his head and appears to be a horse with legs. Other animals like the two projections on the back hump of the statue, and the third is a smaller size, a bull. Its head is broken but the rest is easily identifiable body part. Various shapes and sizes and are also net sinkers of terracotta bone points.

Red ware was having a rough exterior, the term red pot pot unslipped found only is pottery. It is in the middle with a dull-looking clothes. Normal sized bowls, vase, storage-jar, basin and lid are. Gray ware and the presence of some small sherds of the black number is very limited, although pot, slipped on the trail of continuity in this step.

Layers (10) about 1.80 m deposit (7) represents the III period (c. 300-100BC)। This show only bust terracotta female statue found in deposits of art is a nice piece. Hand in the katyavalambita pose perhaps the palm rest on the waist and were seated in lalitasana with curved. Tied wide open mouth, lips, even artistic, big nose and find a clay head with remarkable forms of hair.

Four brahmi characters with a clay seal is an important discovery. This third century BC on Paleographical grounds allocated to it. Three letters, SE NA and South Africa fourth one in a line while Ma se and not between wrote above.

Some dishes were found, though with fine red slip ware are mainly coarse Red Ware. Storage jar vase, Bowl, basin and common size continues to occur.

This deposit are reporting in addition to the iron stone and pottery clay sculpture, e 200) terracotta made different objects-(6

2,000 Years of History Still Lies Unexplored

Archaeological survey of India (ASI) discovery of the midway and the Centre also has not issued the funds.

Fund shortages and gross indifference is a potential tourist spot has put paid to the development of.

Mirzapur district archaeological findings in Kondapur Board Kotagadda remains of Hampi in Karnataka can be as important. But the archaeological survey of India (ASI) has been left in the way of exploration is being left unused and even a potential tourist destination, resulting in money is not released.

Satavahana dynasty 2000 years of history can throw light on the ASI is identified and protected by 100 acres to explore, it is believed. Digging under the guidance of Dr.-ji Mahewari, instead of the entire stretch, nearly three acres in 2009-11 was taken by the archaeological survey of India during. The Centre did not release the funds but that cannot be done.

Sangareddy town and district headquarters of Hyderabad, 70 kilometres is located approximately 20 kilometres from the site of its headquarters on the outskirts of 50-acre spread near a huge tank. The ruins of Hampi vijayanagaram Empire site a striking resemblance and properly developed if can attract large numbers of tourists, it is said.

Already the excavation area, with bushes growing all over plastic, cloth and covered with sand. Cover of dig areas is part of security measures, officials say. All around a circular structure with rectangular cells, a large fire altar and square/rectangular cells with an apsidal structure at the site recently were found during excavations. Lajja Gauri puratattvik remains a plaque, led the way, copper and silver, clay beads, semi-precious stones and glass, open, paste, kaolin and clay human and animal figurines, Iron implements, bone objects, including various metals as coins and terracotta Kondapur according to a report prepared by ASI, brahmi inscriptions with seal.

"The excavation findings based on led and Arikmedu and inscribed, Roman coins, inscribed seal that as Pulamavi securenat and Sri Lanka securenat, Mr. Gutamiputra, Roman Arretine ware, pottery, glass vessels roulette copper coins-Kondapur on settlement 1 century 2 century BC. To be assigned a datable time bracket, "the report says.

The rapid excavation activities for officials as well as need immediate attention from the Central Government.

Tuesday, October 7, 2014

Local populations developed independently within the prehistoric stone tools, researchers say

There was the arrival of new people, especially with South Africa new technology and equipment of stone of change, there were a few hundred thousand years ago in Eurasia and in the local population gradually and independently in different places and at times is a better industry wising.

So Daniel Adler, Associate Professor of anthropology at the University of Connecticut, and colleagues-researchers stone artifacts preserved lava flow and thousands of Geghi 1, that features an Armenian southern Caucasus archaeological site nor investigated, which recovered from a recently completed study shows based on the artifact bearing between 200,000 and 400,000 years ago dated melancholy. Date artifacts, 325000-335000 years old, such hand lower stone during early human populations were common among axes, And Levallois, a stone tool production method as two different stone tools were a mix of bifacial tools, technological traditions-usually in Middle Stone age in Africa and Eurasia Middle Stone age attributed to. Researchers in two technologies 1 nor Geghi coexistence Levallois technique outside of the existing local population biface technology is developed that provides the first clear evidence debate.

"The combination of these various technologies in a place about 150 years ago, there were people on the site innovative 325000, that shows us," Adler says.

Published in the September 26 issue of science, documenting research paper 2014, biface and Levallois technology, specific, while a common part of the evolutionary line that presents the argument. In a stone Biface technology is such a hand AX as a tool to produce two opposite surfaces of stone flakes is shaped through the removal. Separate flakes are discarded as waste products.

Levallois technology, stone is a central core of the convex surface tool, or to produce flakes is shaped through the removal. Flakes produced in predetermined shapes and sizes and are used as tools. Archaeologists in terms of raw materials Levallois technology is suggested. Flakes of highly mobile hunters gatherers for a relatively small and easy to carry are useful. It improves a biface technology advancement and innovation is interpreted as.

Africa, the Middle East and Europe on the basis of comparison of data from archaeological sites, the study authors of this change was gradual and freeze-freeze, and this is a common shared ancestry within the various technical human populations suggest that independently. In other words Levallois technology at different times in different places already developed out of biface technology.

His conclusion technological changes during this period the population changes (a new beginning or a large population by population replacement) challenged the view from. "I take all the artifacts from this site and an archaeologist to show them, they immediately categorized in different groups according to the chronology starts to happen," Adler says. However, he found the artifacts in nor Geghi 1 actually to antiquity of the human capacity for innovation speaking, also reflect the technical flexibility and variability of a population that shows.

Wednesday, October 1, 2014

Roman-era Discovered in Excavations in Hattusa

A monumental Roman era structure width 20 m and 40 m length Hattusa, the capital city of hitti civilization has been discovered in the excavation.

Hattusa in Assistant Professor Andreas Schachner, according to the head of the dig began in 1906 and 108 for years has been released. He said the current team hatton came to Hattusa demand, but they just didn't focus on a time period. Completion of work this year in the ancient city site in the northern part of the "lower city" is a large structure called to be explored. "This year most of the work of the amazing results we have explored partially Roman era. We fill a gap in the field of science and tourism that reached a structure. We knew that there was a cemetery in the area was where we did not but settlement. We were lucky this year, "Schachner said. He learned this from the arts structure we build in the second century AD "could be built in. Khurasan mortar was used here. So that this area was used for a different function that is seen. We have two coins found here are from, "he said. Schachner also it was not a church excavations, focusing on the discovery of the structure of the Festival said. The size of the area it was a place for various purposes is to collect points. In order to understand the region's cultural monumental structure Schachner progress will fill the gap in our knowledge.

Monday, September 29, 2014

Roman camp in Bulgaria yields numerous art Efacts

More than 300 coins from the first to sixth centuries AD and hundreds of objects made of bronze, glass, bone and antlers have been unearthed by archaeologists during the excavations in Novae near Svishtov in Bulgaria.

"The August campaign has brought a very rich archaeological crop in the form of luxury items used by Roman legionnaires. Curiosities include dagger handles made of ivory",  said Prof. Piotr Dyczek, head of research.

The work also yielded important findings concerning the architectural solutions. Scientists have identified a fragment of a wooden barrack of the First Cohort of the Eighth Augustan Legion, stationed at Novae from the mid-first century, the remains of which are preserved only in the form of more than 200 holes remaining after the wooden pillars that held the structure, and pieces of walls made of wicker and clay.

Along with the replacement of the Eighth Augustan Legion in the year AD 69 by soldiers from the First Italic Legion, the camp in Novae was rebuilt. New buildings included the stately home of the centurion (Roman officer), the remains of which the researchers found this year. Walls were covered with stucco and paint. The facilities included a bathing pool.

The building was very luxuriously equipped. Although the area was rebuilt several times over the centuries and then plundered, we found pieces of furniture made of bronze, in the form of applications and legs in the shape of lion's paws, and well-preserved large metal lamp",  said Prof. Dyczek.

According to head of the research project, the greatest discovery this season are three unique, finely crafted bronze figurines. One depicts a sitting, singing actor in a comic mask, the other two - speakers dressed in togas. The figurines date back to the second century AD. They were ornaments of luxury furniture, or possibly a household shrine.

Finds of this kind, so well preserved, are now a real rarity", said Prof. Dyczek.

Warsaw archaeologists have been conducting excavations in Novae for 54 years. Every year, their work reveals new details about the life of members of two historically important legions - the Eighth Augustan Legion and the First Italic Legion.

Sunday, September 28, 2014

Viking Blacksmith’s Grave Uncovered in Norway

The spectacular remains of what appears to be a Viking grave, most likely belonging to a blacksmith, has been uncovered in Sogndalsdalen, Norway. The grave was found by Mr Leif Arne Norberg, under a series of stone slabs in his back garden. Mr Norberg had been carrying out landscaping works when he suddenly spotted a blacksmith’s tongs, followed soon afterwards by a bent sword. On closer examination it quickly became apparent that he had stumbled upon a remarkable Viking Age find. 

Archaeologists from Bergen University and the County’s Cultural Department were called to the scene and the remains were subsequently excavated. The finds recovered from the grave suggest that it probably dates from the 8th or 9th century AD. They included various pieces of metalwork, a tongs, a sword and an axe, all of which will be conserved before being put on display at the University Museum of Bergen. 

Sunday, September 21, 2014

Archaeologists Survey dinosaur tail in Mexico's desert

Archaeologists in Mexico have unearthed the fossilized remains of a 72 million-year-old dinosaur tail, the country's National Institute for Anthropology and History (INAH) said.

The five-metre tail was the first ever found in Mexico and was unusually well-preserved, said the INAH's director Francisco Aguilar.

The team of experts, made up of archaeologists and students from INAH and the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), said the tail belonged to a hadrosaur, or duck-billed dinosaur.

The tail, found in the desert near the small town of General Cepeda in the border state of Coahuila, probably made up half of the dinosaur's length, Aguilar said.

Archaeologists found the 50 vertebrae of the tail completely intact after spending 20 days slowly lifting a sedimentary rock covering the creature's bones.

Strewn around the tail were other fossilised bones, including one of the dinosaur's hips, INAH said.

Dinosaur tail finds are relatively rare, according to INAH. The new discovery could give further insights into the hadrosaur family and aid research on diseases that afflicted dinosaur bones, which resembled those of humans, Aguilar said.

Scientists have already determined that dinosaurs suffered from tumours and arthritis, for example.

Dinosaur remains have been found in many parts of the state of Coahuila, in addition to Mexico's other northern desert states.

"We have a very rich history of paleontology," Aguilar said.

He noted that during the Cretaceous period, which ended about 65 million years ago, much of what is now central northern Mexico was on the coast. This has enabled researchers to unearth remains of both marine and land-based dinosaurs.

The remains of the tail will be transferred to General Cepeda for cleaning and further investigation.

 Tail was uncovered near General Cepeda in Mexico

Archaeologists found the 50 vertebrae of the tail completely intact

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