Wednesday, February 11, 2015

Archaeology of Lachhura, Bhilwara


Village Lachhura (26 ˚ ˚ 77 53 24 '; ') District Bhilwara in Rajasthan and the headquarters of the tehsil headquarters Asind km South-West of about 55 km is located in the West. Ancient mound on the banks of the sewer, a seasonal village located half a kilometer away to the North. Locally known as Hanuman broomstick, a subsidiary of river banas River, Mansi River, is rich of. To the South and about 200 meters East-West but today only 140 X 130-meter area is response about the ancient mound-original cover an area of 250m. At present, except for a small portion in the North nearly the entire mound is under cultivation.

The depth of the dig was down 1.75 m, in the northwest part of the mound where a hard kankar yielded a thin layer of the abyss. Another trench b natural laying on the soil, sharp edge, produced a thick deposit bowls show trench was laid a further north.

Directly on the shore of a seasonal sewer trench close to the reef was laid in the Northeast. It's commercial deposits, starfighter and site to determine the thickness of the cultural sequence of Virgin soil was dug down. Fourteen layers have been identified in the trench and settlement deposits a thick and very hard banker can be traced to bed. Below is the entire deposit based on pottery and custodians, is divided into four periods.

Period I (c. 700-500 BC) 1.7 m layers (14) and (13) deposits with the clay human figurine, ear studs, skin rubbers, wheel, net sinkers, Rosary bracelet, Carnelian, terracotta and mascara wand and yielded etc with copper presence of copper, black and Red Ware Hammer Stone, Sling balls of nodule deposits indicated that of the CHALCOLITHIC period.

Human statues layers (14) and (13) are found from. The other is a relatively well formed, while the lowest layer is the statue found in crude oil. Its right hand left hand made with a little bit of a pedestal base directly while.

Black and Red pottery pot with burnished surface brightness are of fine quality. Ugly with RIM dishes are the most common type and slightly incurved sides. Pots wonderful quality and mostly thin section and with well charred. Dish with straight sides and convex or sagger basis in addition to main a few bowls of rims shape.

Gray ware thin gray ware is represented by some of the sherds. Sherds were very small, it was difficult to make out the right size. In addition, one of the few black slipped ware sherds are also present. The main red ware is found in large quantities associated pots and. Red Ware pots are unslipped variety. The main motif are bowls, vases and eyelids.

Burned and baked clay deposits of thick bamboo-print bearing and throw a few ideas about the structure of the period layer (13) reads the lump on the inner surface. Thick mud on the walls of the houses made of plaster and bamboo thatched roof were made of Bali and against with.

Layers (12) and (11) 1m thick deposits of period II (c. 500-300 BS) are categorized as. From this period the ancient animals sculpture, skin-rubbers, net-sinkers, bead, ear studs, bangles, bone point and includes the Carnelian bead. In this period two terracotta animal figurines are quite large. A breakdown of the idols his head and appears to be a horse with legs. Other animals like the two projections on the back hump of the statue, and the third is a smaller size, a bull. Its head is broken but the rest is easily identifiable body part. Various shapes and sizes and are also net sinkers of terracotta bone points.

Red ware was having a rough exterior, the term red pot pot unslipped found only is pottery. It is in the middle with a dull-looking clothes. Normal sized bowls, vase, storage-jar, basin and lid are. Gray ware and the presence of some small sherds of the black number is very limited, although pot, slipped on the trail of continuity in this step.

Layers (10) about 1.80 m deposit (7) represents the III period (c. 300-100BC)। This show only bust terracotta female statue found in deposits of art is a nice piece. Hand in the katyavalambita pose perhaps the palm rest on the waist and were seated in lalitasana with curved. Tied wide open mouth, lips, even artistic, big nose and find a clay head with remarkable forms of hair.

Four brahmi characters with a clay seal is an important discovery. This third century BC on Paleographical grounds allocated to it. Three letters, SE NA and South Africa fourth one in a line while Ma se and not between wrote above.

Some dishes were found, though with fine red slip ware are mainly coarse Red Ware. Storage jar vase, Bowl, basin and common size continues to occur.

This deposit are reporting in addition to the iron stone and pottery clay sculpture, e 200) terracotta made different objects-(6
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